Q&A: Online Learning & Academic Dishonesty

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Does anyone have any published studies that show that a Blackboard test (with juggled question numband juggled multiple choices) show a lower incidence of cheating when compared to a standard exam students seated in a classroom all given the same questions on paper - even in the presence of multiple proctors?

               - Justin Louder, Assistant Vice Provost, Texas Tech University


You might take a look at some of the publications below.

               -    Whitney Kilgore, Chief Academic Officer, iDesignEdu

Online Learning and Academic Dishonesty in Academic Peer-reviewed Publications

Black, E. W., Greaser, J., & Dawson, K. (2008). Academic dishonesty in traditional and online classrooms:  Does the “media equation” hold true?  Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 12, 23-30.  Retrieved from http://onlinelearningconsortium.org/read/journal-issues/

Chiesel, N. (2007).  Pragmatic methods to reduce dishonesty in web-based courses.  Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8, 203-2011. Retrieved from http://www.infoagepub.com/index.php?id=89&i=58

Englander, F., Fask, A., & Wang, Z. (2011).  Comment on “The impact of online assessment on grades in community college distance education mathematics courses” by Ronald W. Yates and Brian Beaudrie.  The American Journal of Distance Education, 25, 114-120.  DOI: 10.1080/08923647.2011.565243.

Galbraith, M. W., & Jones, M. S. (2010).  Understanding incivility in online teaching.  Journal of Adult Education, 39, 1-10. Retrieved from https://www.mpaea.org/?page=publications

Harmon, O. R., & Lambrinos, J. (2008). Are online exams an invitation to cheat?  Journal of Economic Education, 39, 116-125. DOI:10.3200/JECE.39.2.116-125.

Hatcher, M., Henson, J. M., LaRosa, P. (2010). Learning information systems concepts:  A comparison of student perceptions in a web-based setting versus a traditional classroom setting.  The International Journal of Learning, 17, 399-406. Retrieved from http://ijl.cgpublisher.com/

Jocoy, C., & DiBiase, D. (2006). Plagiarism by adult learners online:  A case study in detection and remediation. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7, 1-15. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl

Khare, A., & Lam, H. (2008). Assessing student achievement and progress with online examinations: Some pedagogical and technical issues. International Journal of E-Learning, 7, 383-402. Retrieved from http://editlib.org/j/IJEL/  

Klein, D. (2011).  Why learners choose plagiarism: A review of literature.  Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 7, 97-110. Retrieved from http://www.informingscience.org/Publications/1385?Source=%2FJournals%2FIJELL%2FArticles%3FVolume%3D7-2011Publications/1385?Source=%2FJournals%2FIJELL%2FArticles%3FVolume%3D7-2011

Schmidt, S. M. P., Ralph, D. L., Buskirk, B. (2009). Utilizing online exams: A case study.  Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 6, 1-8. Retrieved from http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/TLC

Spaulding, M. (2009). Perceptions of academic honesty in online vs. face-to-face classrooms.  Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 8, 183-198. Retrieved from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/

Styron, J., & Styron, Jr., R. A. (2010). Student cheating and alternative web-based assessment.  Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 7, 37-42. Retrieved from http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/TLC

 WCET, UT TeleCampus, and Instructional Technology Council. (2009) Best Practice Strategies to Promote Academic Integrity in Online Education.  WCET Website. Retrieved from http://wcet.wiche.edu/sites/default/files/docs/resources/Best-Practices-Promote-Academic-Integrity-2009.pdf

Underwood, J., & Szabo, A. (2003). Academic offense and e-learning: Individual propensities in cheating. British Journal of Educational Technology, 34, 467-477. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8535.00343.

Yates, R. W., & Beaudrie B. (2009).  The impact of online assessment on grades in community college distance education mathematics courses.  The American Journal of Distance Education, 23, 62-70. DOI: 10.1080/08923640902850601.  

February, 2016
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