In talking to institutions about state authorization, we often get asked about the consequences to the institution for not complying with the regulations.  Rarely do we get asked about the impact on students.  We became aware of some instances where students were directly impacted by state authorization and wanted to share their stories.

Meet Claudia

Claudia Wiseman, R.N., M.P.H., N.P., Ph.D. and online student.

With a bachelor’s in health education, a R.N., two master’s degrees, and a Ph.D. in nursing as well as a successful career as the primary women’s health nurse practitioner for two communities, why would Claudia Wiseman ever want to return to school again? Like many other rural health providers, Claudia wanted to expand her capabilities to be able to serve a new population in her community – men.

Upon researching graduate certificates that would allow her sharpen her skills and knowledge in treating men and sit for the certification to be licensed, her options were slim.  Within her home state of Oregon, she could move to Portland, abandoning her practice to attend the one state institution which offers this certificate.   Since she was getting the certificate to better serve her community, she didn’t want to abandon it in this pursuit.

So, Claudia turned to online learning.  She found a fully online program many states away which offered the specialized courses she needed in order to become licensed.  Problem solved, right? Wrong.

This is where things get sticky.  After taking a couple of course hours, Claudia discovered that though her school had all of the right accreditations, the one thing they did not possess was state authorization, specifically from the Oregon Board of Education.  Without authorization, even if she completed all of the coursework successfully, she would be ineligible to become a certified Adult Nurse Practitioner in Oregon.

Meet Ricky

Claudia is not the only student affected by state licensure. Meet Ricky (whose name has been changed and identity shielded, at his request) who also is a working health care provider in a rural community and a veteran.   Ricky is working and going to school full-time while raising two children.  He wished to move up a level at work, but wanted to continue providing for his family without uprooting them and moving across the state or country.  Ricky sought out a blended program that advertised short, on –campus components with most coursework done online and clinicals in your home state.  It sounded perfect.

Perfect until he went to find a clinical position and learned that his school did not have authorization to operate in his state, and therefore he could not participate in an official clinical locally.  No clinical, no degree and his VA financing would be in jeopardy.  Even with a clinical, he would not be able to sit for the licensing exam unless his school received state authorization and approval from the state board of nursing.  He was faced with having to move his family across the country again, this time even considering allowing his house to foreclose in order to complete his degree.

A Happy Ending for Claudia and Ricky, but Not for Everyone

Luckily for both Claudia and Ricky, their schools stepped up to the plate, completed the paperwork, and paid the fee to be authorized in their states. Both Claudia and Ricky will tell you that compliance was not their institution’s first reaction.  It took informing, cajoling, and perhaps even a threat of legal action to reach their goal.  Ultimately the institutions, state regulators, and licensing boards collaborated to ensure a positive outcome for the students.

Their stories ended well, although it was a frustrating journey for these students.  However, we have heard from state regulators and licensing boards that it has not ended so well for all students.

Jennifer Diallo, director of the Office of Degree Authorization in Oregon, says there are many other cases where students didn’t find out until they were sitting for the licensure exam, after having graduated, that their programs did not qualify them to become licensed.  She called clinical placements the “canary in the mineshaft,” because often times its not until a student starts searching for a placement that they find out they are attending an unapproved institution.

All of this was brought to the forefront with the federal state authorization rules announced in October 2010, which require institutions to demonstrate that they have the approval in states in which they operate, by July 2014.  States have had these laws on their books for years, decades even, but many public and non-profit institutions had not worried about seeking authorizations.

The federal regulation was what tripped the security light for state regulating offices such as Ms. Diallo’s, which subsequently found 380 institutions operating within the state of Oregon without authorization.  According to Ms. Diallo, the worst part is that some institutions are “asking the passengers to fly the plane” on processing state authorization by involving students in the process.   Some institutions have asked students to research all the regulations for their state and report back to the institution as to what needs to be done.  Anyone who has tried to navigate these regulations knows that it’s a task that should not be left to novices, let alone students.

According to Russ Poulin, WCET, some state institutions have decided that it will be cheaper to keep operating without state authorization and pay the legal fees if they get sued, than it would be to seek authorization in each state.  This sentiment was echoed by a state institution we spoke with as well.  Please note, we do not recommend or endorse not following state laws.

What should be done?

From these stories, we see the need, not for further regulation, but for states to work together to create reciprocity.  There is no magic bullet – this will not be an easy process. It is one that the online education community must tackle on behalf of our students and WCET continues to support this work.

Institutions need to recognize their responsibilities and the possible negative impacts than non-compliance can have on students.

Do you know a student who has been affected by their institution not having authorization in your state?  Or conversely, as an institution have you had to deny admission or graduation to a student because the state in which they reside had not given you authorization?

Blog Post co-authored by:

Megan Raymond, Manager, Programs and Events,

Cali Morrison, Manager, Major Grants,


Support our work.  Join WCET.

8 replies on “Putting a Student Face on Not Complying with State Authorization”

Thank you Megan and Cali for reminding us about the student. The reason we work so hard to provide quality online education.

While we all can appreciate these stories, approval of out-of-state programs is not always the onerous task these two tales would make it seem. Many states will authorize an institution to provide online courses to residents of their state without the long forms and large money outlays. If an institution is not requiring on-ground activities in the student’s home state (practicum, etc.) or if an institution does not have an agent or phone number in that state, institutions are often ‘approved’ based on that assertion by your institution. Of course, if that were to change or, as the case with these students, they seek a particular licensure in their home state, then the rules are different. But the assumption that the state regulations are the bad guy here may be misplaced. The rules have always existed; we may have chosen to ignore them or were ignorant of their existence. We wouldn’t/couldn’t ignore our own state regulations. If we are serious about the fact that we provide the best education for our online students, compliance with state regulations helps demonstrate this. Unfortunately, well-meaning institutions and students have gotten caught in the rush to implement what we probably should have been doing in the first place but didn’t know we needed to be doing at all.

Sorry, Barbara, in this case I am going to disagree. The state authorization process IS onerous from a financial and a staff standpoint. And once you are authorized, the annual reporting process is no small matter. Yes, some states are simple. Yes, some states do not charge ridiculous fees. But there are enough that do to make this process onerous. More and more states are defining “physical presence” to mean practica and internships. There are two things that make the whole preocess ridiculous to me: If a student from AR (for instance) attends our traditional residential program in Colorado, no one in AR is asking us to seek approval. So, because the student is online we have to replicate our regional accreditation to satisfy the state board? It is a double standard and is pure administrative waste. The second reason this is ridiculous is that while a potential employer may want to know the college our AR student attended is regionally accredited, there is not an employer in the world who is going ask whether the university was authorized in AR at the time the student attended. Its costly foolishness and in an effort to protect students, states are limiting their citizens choices and opportunities.

I couldn’t agree with you more. I was only pointing out that these rules existed prior to the federal legislation and that we ignored them. A nursing student taking online courses in another state would be at peril…which neither the student nor the institution would have been aware of and thus the student would have been unduly harmed. I’ve see it happen. It really is up to the states now to stop policing online learning and make the same assumption they make of their own state institutions…that if they are duly registered in their home state and duly accredited that the education they are offering is real and legal. Unfortunately, it has turned into a money grab by some states. You are correct…and I have said this as well…that we don’t inquire about our students learning onsite in another state and when they return home no one questions their degree. I think online learning is still suffering from a lack of trust and an understanding of the real value of online learning. A few bad apples have spoiled it for all the rest of us!

Thanks Megan and Cali for helping us to remember the reason why this work is so important. Great article.

Does anyone have a single example of how State Authorization has provided any educational benefit to any student of a regionally accredited institution?

I get that many states have laws that many institutions didn’t know about till this fiasco. But rather than adding to the cost of education with valueless bureaucratic activities and fees, shouldn’t we be working to change the (<50) state laws that were never intended to prevent their residents from having access to accredited distance learning programs from other states?

IMHO, Claudia and Ricky could have gone after the dopey Oregon law to try to help their entire state and all future students rather than threatening (after cajoling/etc) the specific institutions that served them.

Comments are closed.


Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,413 other subscribers

Archive By Month

Blog Tags

Distance Education (318)Student Success (297)Online Learning (230)Managing Digital Learning (221)State Authorization (217)WCET (212)U.S. Department of Education (207)Regulation (199)Technology (169)Digital Learning (150)Innovation (125)Teaching (121)Collaboration/Community (114)WCET Annual Meeting (105)Course Design (103)Access (98)Professional Development (98)SAN (90)Faculty (88)Cost of Instruction (88)Financial Aid (84)Legislation (83)Completion (74)Assessment (69)Instructional Design (68)Open Educational Resources (66)Accreditation (65)COVID-19 (64)SARA (64)Accessibility (63)Professional Licensure (63)Credentials (62)Competency-based Education (61)Quality (61)Data and Analytics (60)Diversity/Equity/Inclusion (58)Research (58)Reciprocity (57)WOW Award (51)Outcomes (47)Workforce/Employment (46)Regular and Substantive Interaction (43)Policy (42)Higher Education Act (41)Negotiated Rulemaking (41)Virtual/Augmented Reality (37)Title IV (36)Practice (35)Academic Integrity (34)Disaster Planning/Recovery (34)Leadership (34)Artificial Intelligence (31)WCET Awards (30)Every Learner Everywhere (29)State Authorization Network (29)IPEDS (28)Adaptive/Personalized Learning (28)Reauthorization (28)Military and Veterans (27)Survey (27)Credits (26)Disabilities (25)MOOC (23)WCET Summit (23)Evaluation (22)Complaint Process (21)Retention (21)Enrollment (21)Correspondence Course (18)Physical Presence (17)WICHE (17)Cybersecurity (16)Products and Services (16)Forprofit Universities (15)Member-Only (15)WCET Webcast (15)Blended/Hybrid Learning (14)System/Consortia (14)Digital Divide (14)NCOER (14)Textbooks (14)Mobile Learning (13)Consortia (13)Personalized Learning (12)Futures (11)Marketing (11)Privacy (11)STEM (11)Prior Learning Assessment (10)Courseware (10)Teacher Prep (10)Social Media (9)LMS (9)Rankings (9)Standards (8)Student Authentication (8)Partnership (8)Tuition and Fees (7)Readiness and Developmental Courses (7)What's Next (7)International Students (6)K-12 (6)Lab Courses (6)Nursing (6)Remote Learning (6)Testing (6)Graduation (6)Proctoring (5)Closer Conversation (5)ROI (5)DETA (5)Game-based/Gamification (5)Dual Enrollment (4)Outsourcing (4)Coding (4)Security (4)Higher Education Trends (4)Mental Health (4)Fall and Beyond Series (3)In a Time of Crisis (3)Net Neutrality (3)Universal Design for Learning (3)Cheating Syndicates Series (3)ChatGPT (3)Enrollment Shift (3)Nontraditional Learners (2)Student Identity Verification (2)Cross Skilling/Reskilling (2)Virtual Summit (2)Higher Education (2)Title IX (1)Business of Higher Education (1)OPMs (1)Department of Education (1)Third-Party Servicers (1)microcredentials (1)Minority Serving Institution (1)Community College (1)